Helo frds, today i m going to explain about how to convert benzene to phenol, chlorobenzene to phenol, Benzene diazonium chloride to phenol and more other information.
How to convert Benzene to phenol
Here, I m going to explain about two methods for how to convert benzene to phenol.
ln this reaction, first benzene is react with oleum in the presence of H+ ions, it means when benzene is reacte with oleum and in the presence of protenated H2O ions ( H+) then phenol product is produced. this is the simple and easy reaction for making phenol from benzene.
In this reaction, benzene (C6H6) is react also with Oleum in the presence of H2S2O7 then Sulphonic acid product is formed and this sulphonic acid is hydrolysis in the presence of H+ ions, it means, (protenated H2O ions) and then phenol is formed. this are the three intermediate type reaction. these are also be easy type reaction for making phenol from benzene. In other words, first make sulphonic acid from benzene, and then hydrolysis of sulphonic acid is done then phenol is formed. easy and simple reaction for making phenol from benzene. and read in details in my article about phenol to benzene. all Different types of reaction is given, so read complete article.
Chlorobenzene to phenol
In this reaction, When Chlorobenzene is react with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in the presence of high pressure (623k) atmospheric temperature (300 atm) and then sodium salt of phenol is formed if He+ ions is replaced to Na+ and then phenol product is formed. this is the easy reaction to make a phenol product from chlorobenzene.
In this reaction, (Cl) chlorine is attached in benzene but it is difficult to break down or remove chlorine. So in this reaction high pressure or high atmospheric temperature is applied to remove the chlorine. and then after reaction sodium salt of phenol is formed and then H+ ions is replaced to Na+ then get phenol.