HCl intermolecular forces are dipole dipole intraction and London dispersion forces because it is a polar molecules.
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What is intermolecular forces?
intermolecular forces are the forces in which it is more attractive or repulsive force force between molecules. and act between atoms, and other types of neighboring particles.
For example – Atoms, or ions,
It is more attracted partial positive end of one molecules to partial negative end of another molecules.
For examples – HCl
Where, (H) hydrogen have positive charge and Cl have negative charge. Intermolecular forces are the force in which it is attracted between molecules. HCl is a polar molecules.
Therefore, hCl has dipole-dipole interaction and London dispersion forces.
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HCl intermolecular forces
HCl are made “polar covalent bonds” when atoms share electrons between hydrogen and chloride. Polar covalent bonds such as hydrogen and chloride.
HCl is made covalent bonds not hydrogen bonds. Because covalent bonds made in the presence of sharing of electrons between hydrogen and chloride. hydrogen bonds are made if hydrogen bound to strong electronegative elements such as, Nitrogen and oxygen.
But in case of hydrogen bonds, it made ony if H-F, H-O, H-N bond are created.
NH3 , H2O , HF
In both cases, hydrogen bonds are created. hydrogen bonds are also a strongest intermolecular forces.
the hcl intermolecular forces are dipole dipole intraction, because it is a polar molecules. the polar polar interaction are more attracted on polar molecules. it is one type of strongest intermolecular forces of attraction.
the intermolecular forces in hydrogen chloride are made as intermolecular hydrogen bonding. it is occur if H (hydrogen) is bound to strongly electronegative elements.
N = nitrogen,
O = oxygen
Nitrogen and oxygen is a one type of strongest electronegative elements. If it is bound to (N) nitrogen or (O) oxygen then it make hydrogen bonding otherwise it can’t be made hydrogen bonding.
HCl intermolecular forces are dipole-dipole intraction and also London dispersion forces. Both intermolecular forces is exist between HCl. because it is a polar molecules.