Nitronium ion, NO2+ is a one type of cation. it is created by removel of electrons.

Helo, reders welcome to another fresh article on “” today we will discuss about nitronium ion, and NO2+ lewis structure.

i have made this guide to help you out.

So, hold your seat and be with the end of guide.

So, you could get valuable information out of it.

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What is nitronium ion?

Nitronium ion NO2+ is a cation( removel of electron is known as cation). it is created by removel of an electron from the nitrogen dioxide molecule. this cation (NO2+) whichis a strong electrophile, this phenomanon is called nitronium ion.

Nitronium ion

You know that, removel of electrons gives a cation. and addition of an electron gives an anion. but in case of NO2+ ion, it is created removel of electron not addition of electron.

IUPAC name – Dioxidonitrogen(1+).

You know that, what is the name for ion with multiple charge,

For example;

-1 charge is known as anion

+1 charge is known as cation

But in case of multiple charge,

-2 charge is known as dianion

+2 charge is known as dication.

Nitronium ion can be generated by reaction of concentration nitric acid (HNO3) with concentration sulphuric acid (H2SO4).

Formation of nitronium ion
Formation of nitronium ion

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Nitronium ion lewis structure/ NO2+ lewis structure

First of all, you need to find the number of balance electron of (NO2+) ion.

You know that,

Nitrogen (N) has 5 balance electron and

Oxygen (O) has 6 balance electron.

Now, the overall charge of NO2+ ion is +charge (NO2+). so, it reduce number of electron by (-1).

Now, the total balance electron of NO2+ ion is,

N=5, O2 = 6×2 = 12 and +charge = -1

So, 5+12-1 = 16,

These are the balance electron of NO2+ ion.

Now, By putting the electron between atoms to form chemical bonds. as shown in figure

In first figure,

oxygen have octal (8 balance electron), and nitrogen have only 4 electron.

Now, in second figure,

Take electron from outside move to make double bonds. and also take electron from another pair to make a bonds.

So, both oxygen have 8 balance electron and nitrogen have also 8 balance electron as shown in second figure.

So, Over all result is, by sharing electron from outside of oxygen to make chemical bonds easily. and results is each atoms have 8 balance electron.

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NO2+ Attacked when the compound undergoes with hno3/h2so4

Which position will be attacked most rapidily by the nitronium ion (NO2+) when the compound undergoes with hno3/h2so4,

You can understand with help of this vedio.

After watching this vedio, you understand which position No2+ will atack.

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1 Comment

lucked · September 9, 2020 at 12:29 pm

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